Acne is a common skin condition that approximately 40-50 million people1 in the United States alone. Acne is frequently associated with teenagers and young adults, it can be observed in people across all ages. Acne is caused by numerous factors. Genetics, hormone levels, diet, psychological stress, and environmental conditions all can contribute to skin outbreaks. Acne formation begins with the clogged pore (comedones).

Allergic Contact

Allergic contact dermatitis is a common skin condition resulting from a specific type of inflammatory reaction of the skin triggered by specific chemicals in the environment to which the skin is exposed. The specific triggering substance may or may not be identifiable, but can include common substances such as the resins from poison ivy to nickel from earrings and belt buckles. Allergic contact dermatitis often presents itself as an itchy

Basal Cell

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer and cancer worldwide. Due to a variety of factors, its incidence continues to rise over recent decades. Both genetic predisposition and environmental factors such as sun exposure are involved in basal cell carcinoma development. People with fairer skin types are usually more at risk for developing this skin cancer. However, people of all skin types are able to develop basal cell carcinomas.


A birthmark is a term loosely used to encompass a variety of different skin lesions that are present at an early age. Birthmarks can manifest itself as light brown spots such as café-au-lait macules, red spots such as vascular malformations and hemangiomas, or darker brown growths such as the congenital nevus and epidermal nevus. Medical diagnosis of the birthmark will require a detailed consultation with your dermatologist.

Dry Skin

Dry skin (medical term: xerosis) is a common concern for many people, especially those who live in colder, less-humid climates. However, people who are genetically prone to dry skin may also develop it in hot humid climates as well. Frequently, dry skin is a seasonal phenomenon. Dry skin can be associated with scaliness, flakiness, and itchiness. Areas where dry skin often occurs include face, arms, and legs.


The topic of the dysplastic nevus is highly complex and even controversial amongst experts. However, to provide a simplified overview of the topic, the dysplastic nevus can be thought of as an atypical mole. Its diagnosis and degree of atypical change are usually revealed through the results of a specialized test called a skin biopsy. Depending on the degree of atypical changes in the mole as revealed through the skin biopsy.


Eczema is the term commonly used to refer to atopic dermatitis, which we will discuss here, although it is more accurately a collection of different inflammatory skin conditions that share similar microscopic patterns. Atopic Dermatitis is a common, chronic and relapsing condition that can affects people of all ages but can usually be found starting at an early age. It is a condition influenced by both genetics.


Folliculitis is a common condition of the skin resulting from inflammation of the hair follicles. Folliculitis appears as small pink bumps centered on the hair follicle. This condition can be present anywhere on the skin where hair follicles are present. Areas frequently involved include the back, chest, and buttocks. The diagnosis of folliculitis is usually based on clinical exam. In some instances, further testing may be needed to rule out.

Fungal Infection

Fungal infection of the skin is a common problem for people worldwide. Terms such as “ringworm”, “athlete’s foot”, and “jock itch” can be confusing, because they all refer to fungal infection of the skin. Although fungal infections occurs at a higher rate in hot and humid climates, it can develop in people who live in colder, drier environments as well. Fungi and their spores are present everywhere in the environment.


There are numerous different growths that can develop anywhere on the skin. As people age, more growths may develop. A consultation with your dermatologist can help establish the diagnosis of the skin growth and most importantly whether it is considered non-cancerous, pre-cancerous, or cancerous. Sometimes, when the diagnosis is not clear based on the clinical exam, a biopsy procedure may be recommended by your dermatologist.


Melanoma also referred to as malignant melanoma, is a serious form of skin cancer that can be life-threatening if not treated in a timely fashion. It has been found that the incidence of melanoma has been increasing in fair-skinned populations worldwide in recent decades. Melanoma should be a concern for people of all ages. Melanoma cells represent the cancerous change of the pigment-producing cells (melanocyte) of the body.


Although moles are commonly thought of as any brown growth of the skin, moles really refer to a specific type of brown growth arising from the pigment producing cells (melanocytes) of the skin. The medical term that dermatologists use is “nevus”. Moles are benign (non-cancerous) growths of the skin. Moles can appear anywhere on the body, but are more numerous in sun-exposed areas. Sometimes they can be a cosmetic


The term “precancer” is often used to refer to what dermatologists call “actinic keratosis” or “solar keratosis”. Precancerous skin lesions are not skin cancers but are skin growths that are atypical and may give rise to skin cancers in the future. Specifically, actinic keratoses have the potential to change into squamous cell carcinomas, a common type of skin cancer.Precancerous skin lesions are very common.


A rash, also called “dermatitis” by dermatologists, is a generic term used for inflammation of the skin due to any number of reasons. Rashes are a popular reason to visit the dermatologist, who attempts to establish the exact diagnosis for the rash. Although rashes may all appear similar to the untrained eye, the diagnosis of a skin rash can be a complex and challenging process of data gathering and interpretation.


Rosacea is a common condition of the skin that can present as red bumps, inflamed pustules, diffuse redness, fine blood vessels, irritated eyes, or a combination thereof. Rosacea is more commonly found in fair skinned individuals between the third and fourth decade of life. Because of its similarity with acne, it may sometimes be difficult to distinguish between the two.The exact cause of rosacea is not well known.


Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common type of skin cancer in the United States. It develops from the cancerous transformation of the keratinocyte cells from the top-most layer of the skin (epidermis). A squamous cell carcinoma that is confined to the epidermis is referred to as a squamous cell carcinoma in situ (SCCis). This is considered an early stage of squamous cell carcinoma.