Rosacea is a common condition of the skin that can present as red bumps, inflamed pustules, diffuse redness, fine blood vessels, irritated eyes, or a combination thereof. Rosacea is more commonly found in fair skinned individuals between the third and fourth decade of life. Because of its similarity with acne, it may sometimes be difficult to distinguish between the two.
The exact cause of rosacea is not well known, but it is thought to involve some degree of hyperactive blood vessels. Sources that trigger rosacea flares may include sunlight, heat, and consumption of alcohol, caffeine, and spicy foods. Individuals with rosacea are often encouraged to make lifestyle changes to avoid these triggers.
The treatment for rosacea depends on the type and severity of the rosacea. Some cases can be effectively treated with standard creams and/or oral medication. However, the blood vessel and diffuse redness form of rosacea, usually a cosmetic concern for patients, may only be responsive to laser. Your dermatologist will determine the most appropriate treatment for your condition.